Population Management

Director:- Mallam Sani Gar

The history of Population Coordination by the National Population Commission dates back to 2003 as a result of a Presidential directives titled RE: STREAMLINING OF INSTITUTIONAL ARRANGEMENTS FOR POPULATION ACTIVITIES (reference number 5874/642 dated 7th May, 2003) signed by Chief Ufot Ekaette, the then Secretary to the Government of the Federation.

The circular mandated the National Population Commission to coordinate all population and population related activities of the following Agencies across all sectoral lines such as the defunct Population Activities fund Agency (PAFA); Population Information and Communication Bureau (PICB); Community Development and Population Activities Department (CDPAD), etc.  It also mandated the Commission to review the 1988 National Population Policy.  It was based on this circular that a new policy tagged – NATIONAL POLICY ON POPULATION FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT came into being in 2004 and was officially launched by the President in March, 2005.

To fully carry on with the implementation of the population policy, three bodies were formed and inaugurated as follows:

  1. NATIONAL COUNCIL ON POPULATION MANAGEMENT (NCPM) which is the highest policy making body headed by the President was inaugurated on 7th July, 2008 by the President.
  2. POPULATION ADVISORY GROUP (PAG) which is headed by the Chairman, National Population Commission was inaugurated on 22nd September, 2008 by the Chairman. It consists of 15 members representing civil society organizations, traditional and religious leaders and other eminent citizens in the field of Population Development.
  3. POPULATION TECHNICAL WORKING GROUP (PTWG) is headed by the Director-General, National Population Commission and was also inaugurated by the Chairman on 22nd September, 2008. It consists of all implementing sectoral ministries and agencies including relevant research institutions.


To be an organ that systematically manages Nigeria’s population issues for qualitative and sustainable development.


To effectively coordinate the implementation of activities of the National Policy on Population for Sustainable Development at National, State and LGA levels.


The overall goal of the population management is improvement of the quality of life and          standards of living of the people of Nigeria, accordingly, we shall.

  • Undertake immediate review of the2004 National Policy on Population for Sustainable Development.
  • Make deliberate effort to improve the quality of our population so that it becomes a veritable asset.
  • regularly monitor and evaluate all population related activities across all sectors in order to effectively advise the President using the findings of the following tools; the implementation which should reside in the department:
  • Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey (NDHS).
  • Nigeria Malaria Indicator Survey (NIMS).
  • Sentinel Survey (SS).
  • Nigeria Education Data Survey (NEDS), etc


(a)       Propose and pursue the review of the 2004 National Policy on Population for Sustainable Development.

(b)       Formulate appropriate strategic and productive structures and systems by the end of September, 2012 to pave way for effective population management.

(c)        Establish a strong Population Management Organ at the National, State and LGA levels for population coordination.

(d)       Undertake the process of sourcing for funds from the Development Partners and other agencies in population and Development.

(e)       Pursue the actualization of capacity building of the Committee members and staff of the Department through Study Tours, Trainings, Workshops, Seminars, Lectures, etc.

(f)         Provide and equip offices at National, States and LGA’s levels with ICT and Logistics

(g)       Pursue the process of population management in Nigeria through:

(i)         Undertaking of yearly Population Lecture Series.

(ii)         Deliver lectures at national functions such as NYSC orientation Camps, Health Week Programmes and Leadership of Political Parties etc.

(iii)       Develop a multi-media approach through (Radio, Television and Newspapers) on population management.

(iv)       Design Bill Boards for display in strategic point on population activities in Nigeria.

(v)        Facilitate discussions on population issues in educational institutions,    health centres, etc.

(vi)       Appoint Population Ambassadors.

(vii)      Institute competition on population and development amongst MDAs,    Development Partners, etc.

(viii)     Revive all population desks in all MDAs and other agencies.



  • Reduce the infant mortality rate to 35% live births by 2020
  • Reduce the child mortality rate to 45% by 2020
  • Reduce maternal mortality ratious to 125% per 100,000 live births by 2020 and to 75 % by 2025
  • Achieve a 25% reduction in HIV adult prevalence every 5 years


  • Achieve universal basic education as soon as possible prior to the year 2020
  • Eliminate illiteracy by 2020
  • Eliminate the gap between men and women in enrolment in secondary, tertiary, vocational and technical education and training by 2020


  • Achieve food security by 2020


  • Housing for all by the year 2020



  • Provide social security net for the elderly, disabled and other vulnerable groups by 2025


  • Develop a strategy to create employment opportunities for the youths to ensure drastic reduction in unemployment rate by 2015


  • Reduction in current rate from the present by 50% in 2015 and 80% in 2020


The Department will ensure:

  • Immediate review of the 2004 National Population Policy using better up approach.
  • Establish Council on Population Management at state (SCPM) and LGA (LGCPM) levels by the 2013 which will be chaired by Governor and LGA Chairman respectively.
  • Re-invigorate Inter-Agency consultation to generate enough funding for population activities.
  • Coordinate training on population related programmes.
  • Ensure that population concerns are integrated into training curricula of medical and other health institutions.
  • Support, promote and coordinate research activities in population, including reproductive and sexual health, reproductive rights and gender issues.
  • Monitor and evaluate the implementation of national population programmes in collaboration with other appropriate bodies and agencies.
  • Embark on advocacy visits to:.


1)         i)          Presidency

  1. ii) National Assembly

iii)         MDAs (Finance, Information, etc)

  1. iv) Organized Private Sector
  2. v) Media Organizations

2)      STATE

–           Governors

–           State House of Assembly

–           Traditional Rulers

–           Religious Leaders

3)         LGA


–        Councilors

–        Community Leaders

–        Opinion Leaders



The structure is focused on effectiveness and efficiency in service delivery strategies for effective population management in Nigeria.

The Population Management Department is to have four Units as follows:


  1. Provide technical and administrative support to:
  2.    National Council on Population Management (NCPM)
  3.    Population Advisory Group (PAG)
  4.    Population Technical Working Group (PTWG)
  5. Maintain liaison with relevant agencies of Federal and State Governments, the Private Sector, Development Agencies and Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) involved in population activities to ensure adequate coordination, integration and harmonization of population and development policy programmes.

iii.         Mobilization of external funds from Development Partners for population policy     implementation.

  1. Conduct Medium term and end term review of National Policy and Strategic Plan.
  2. Coordination of external and internal resources in the implementation of population policy.
  3. Identify critical resource requirements for management of population programmes to achieve the goals of the population policy.


  1. Review relevant curriculum on Family Life and Health Education (FLHE) for basic, secondary, tertiary institutions and non-formal and vocational education.
  2. Design of Information, Education and Communication (IEC)/Behavioral Change Communication (BCC) materials on various aspects of the policy e.g. Cultural Barriers, Population and Development and Environment Inter-relationships.

iii.         Organize Advocacy Workshops on various aspects of the policy.


  1. To coordinate State Population Activities.
  2. Provide guidelines for State Population Activities Coordination.

iii.         Strengthen the involvement of States and Local Government in policy implementation.


  1. Organize workshops on population policy and strategic work plan.
  2. Conduct Reproductive Health and HIV/AIDS workshops and seminars.

iii.         Train and re-train teachers on population and family life education.


  1. In view of the goals of the population Management Department, all Surveys; Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey (NDHS), Nigeria Educational Data Survey (NEDS), Sentinel Surveys (SS), Nigeria Malaria Indicators Surveys (NMIS), etc should be undertaken by the department
  2. The national activity marking commemoration of World Population Day should be rotated nationwide
  3. The Department should participate actively in the conduct of Newborn, child and Maternal Health Week (NCMHW)
  4. Setting up the structure of Population Management Department up to LGA level
  5. The immediate review of the existing national population policy



  1. We recommend the establishment of a Population Management Fund which should compel the Private Organize Sector to contribute a certain proportion of their declared profits to the Fund.

–           UNFPA

–           UNICEF

–           EU

–           DFID

–           CIDA

–           USAID

–           JICA, etc


–           Federal

–           State

–           LGAs

  1. NGOs, CBOs, Faith Based Organizations
  2. Organized Private Sector
  3. Philanthropist

NB:     The Presidential circular on Population Management is attached to the Committee report.