SAMPLE SURVEYS AND STUDIES CONDUCTED BY THE NATIONAL POPULATION COMMISSION TO COLLECT SOCIO-DEMOGRAPHIC INDICATORS FOR DEVELOPMENT PLANNING OF THE COUNTRY;
• Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey (NDHS)
• Nigeria Education Data Survey (NEDS)
• Verbal and Social Autopsy Survey (VASA)
• Violence Against Children Survey (VACS)
• Nigeria State of Health Investment Project (NSHIP)
• Nigeria Urban Reproductive Health Initiative (NURHI)
• Nigeria Malaria Indicator Survey (NMIS)
• Sentinel Survey
• Historical events (HE) Compilation/ Compendium
• Conduct of research on various aspects of the Nigerian population (Special Population Surveys, Drug abuse, Adolescent behaviour, etc.)
BRIEF ON SOME PAST SURVEYS;
NIGERIA DEMOGRAPHIC AND HEALTH SURVEY (NDHS)
The Nigeria Demographic and Health Survey (NDHS) is a national sample survey that provides up-to-date information of background characteristics of the respondents. Specifically, information is collected on the fertility levels, marriage, fertility preference, awareness and use of family planning methods, child feeding practice, nutritional status of women and children, adult and childhood mortality, awareness and attitude regarding HIV/AIDS, female’s genital mutilation, domestic violence among others. The target groups were women and men age 15-59 in randomly selected households across Nigeria. Information was also collected on the height and weight of women and children age 0-5 in addition to presenting national estimates, the report provides estimate of key indicators for both the rural and urban areas in Nigeria, the six Geo-political zones, the 36 states, and the federal capital territory (FCT).
The NDHS is being conducted every 5 years since 2003 by the National Population Commission after the version conducted earlier in 1990 and 1999 with the last in the series implemented in 2018.
VERBAL AND SOCIAL AUTOPSY STUDY (VASA)
Verbal and Social Autopsy Study (VASA) was carried out to estimate the cause distribution of death, separately for neonates (0-27 days old) and children (1–59-month-old), in Nigeria.
The Survey was first conducted in 2014 while the second edition was in 2019. It is a follow-up to the NDHS and conducted to determine the causes and determinants of Neonatal and Child mortality in Nigeria and it provided the primary estimates of the causes and determinants of under 5 deaths as well as socio-cultural barriers to Caregivers accessing care for the sick children.
The 2019 edition was implemented by the National Population Commission in collaboration with the Federal Ministry of Health (FMOH) with the technical support from the USAID-funded by Coordinating Implementation Research to Communicate Learning and Evidence (CIRCLE) Project.
NIGERIA EDUCATION DATA SURVEY (NEDS)
The Nigeria Education Data Survey (NEDS) is conducted in every five years, The education data survey was first conducted in 2004 [DHS ED-Data] and information were collected on the schooling status of Nigeria school-age children by sex and age, literacy and numeracy rates across the country, household education expenditure estimates, parent’s attitude to schooling and other education related information that is necessary in policy formulation and planning for the sector. The introduction of NEDS increases education data availability and sets a trend for communities in measuring the education sector.
The 2020 version of the Nigeria Education Data Survey (NEDS) is one of the tools to be used by the Federal Government of Nigeria to implement and evaluate the 17 Better Education Service Delivery for All (BESDA) focus States (States with high proportion of out of school children in 2015 NEDS report) with the aim of increasing equitable access for Out-of-School Children (OoSC), improving literacy and strengthening accountability for results in basic education in Nigeria. The survey was designed to provide information on education for Children age 4-16 years including household factors that influence Children’s schooling such as expenditure and parents’ perception of school facilities and administration.
NIGERIA MALARIA INDICATOR SURVEY (NMIS)
Nigeria Malaria Indicator Survey (NMIS) is a national sample survey designed to provide information on malaria prevention, treatment, and prevalence in Nigeria. The MIS was designed to collect information on coverage of core malaria interventions; malaria parasite prevalence and anemia status in children.
The specific objectives of the Nigeria National Malaria Indicator Survey 2021 are to:
• Measure the extent of ownership, access, and use of mosquito nets.
• Assess coverage of Intermittent Preventive Treatment of malaria during pregnancy.
• Identify practices used to test and treat malaria among children under five and the use of specific anti-malaria medication.
• Assess knowledge, attitudes, and practices of the general population regarding malaria control.
• Determine the prevalence of malaria and anemia among children 6-59 months.
• Determine the distribution and prevalence of plasmodium species in Nigeria.
NIGERIA STATE HEALTH INVESTMENT PROJECT [NSHIP]
In response to slow progress in improving health service delivery in Nigeria, the Federal Government in collaboration with the World Bank implemented a new approach to health care system management – Result Based Financing RBF named the Nigeria State Health Investment Project (NSHIP) in 2013. The project draws on the lessons learned from the World Bank’s State Health Systems Development Projects and principles of fiscal decentralization to support targeted health systems reforms in 3 states (Adamawa, Nasarawa and Ondo). It also targeted the effective use of public resources to deliver essential health services to the poor. NSHIP is also being implemented in the six North Eastern states of Nigeria. There were two variants of RBF, the Performance Based Financing PBF and the Decentralized Facility Financing DFF.
The key objective of the project was to increase the delivery and use of high impact maternal and child health interventions and to improve the quality of care at selected health facilities in the participating states. The Impact Evaluation (IE) of NSHIP was added to evaluate the RBF project through rigorous comparative analysis of the performance of selected indicators in the intervention States and in selected controlled States that were contiguous to intervention States.
VIOLENCE AGAAINST CHILDREN SURVEY [VACS]
The Violence against children survey [VACS] i Nigeria was executed by the National Population Commission in collaboration with the Federal Ministry of women Affairs in 2014, it was the first of its kind not only in Nigeria, but in West Africa. It provides national estimates that describe the magnitude and nature of sexual, physical and emotional violence experienced by under-18 females and males in Nigeria. The information is designed to help support efforts in Nigeria to develop and implement effective child-friendly violence prevention strategies as well as to improve service provision for all Nigerians, especially for children who experience violence.
The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention [CDC] provided the technical guidance for this survey, Technical and financial support was provided by the United Nations Children Fund [UNICEF] while technical support was also received from the office of the Special Representatives of the Secretary General on violence against children. The financial support for the Coordination and implementation of the survey was provided by the United States President’s Emergency Plan for AID Relief and the European Union.
THE NIGERIA URBAN REPRODUCTIVE HEALTH INITIATIVE [NURHI]
The Nigerian Urban Reproductive Health Initiative [NURHI] led by John Hopkins University Center for Communication programs is a five-year Family Planning [FP] program implemented in sub –Saharan African and South Asia of which Nigeria is inclusive. The survey was conducted in six cities in Nigeria: Abuja, Benin City, Ibadan, Ilorin, Kaduna and Zaria. The aims of the survey are to increase the use of contraceptive methods by increasing demand for and sustain the use of different types of contraceptives methods, integrate family planning [FP] services with maternal and new born health and HIV/AID services, improve the quality of FP services in high volume clinics, increase FP access through public partnership and to create sustainable demand for FP services among the urban areas.
The baseline household and service delivery points surveys [SDP] was conducted between 2010 and 2011 and focused on collecting data on key demographic characteristics as well as reproductive health and service provision indicators with the midterm survey conducted in 2012 to inform NURHI of the status of its program indicators. The end line household and SDP surveys were conducted in 2014, information was collected on key indicators to determine the impact of the program on FP use in Urban Nigeria.
COMPILATION OF HISTORICAL EVENTS FOR AGE ESTIMATION IN CENSUS AND SURVEYS
Precise analysis of age structure and distribution as well as its policy implication depends on the availability of accurate and reliable age statistics.
Compilation of historical events is one of the mandates of the Planning and Research Department i.e to collate and compile all relevant past events in communities across the country. It is important to note that some individuals (especially the elderly or the not-so-literate persons) may not know their ages without some form of recall using important past events in history as tool for age recollection and estimation.
The use of the Historical events calendar will aid age estimation especially during census and survey. A reliable demographic age data determines Governments accurate and precise decisions on education, health, as well as social and economic development programs.
IDENTIFICATION AND MAPPING OF SPECIAL POPULATION.
Special Population are Groups of people with special needs such as Homeless households, Homeless persons, Nomadic households, Transient persons, Fishing and migrant farmers, Internally Displaced Persons (IDP), Individuals living in group situations e.g. Prisoners and Census functionaries etc, that must be identified wherever they are, and their locations mapped and Geo-referenced into the national frame.
As the Commission prepares for the next Population and Housing Census, there are plans to identify and locate these categories of population on time wherever they are, and their locations mapped and Geo-referenced into the national frame so as to enumerate them during the Census.
The main objectives are:
• To describe the different types of special population (migrant farmers, nomads, fishermen, homeless and or refugees/Internally Displaced Persons etc.) found in the various Local Government Areas of the country.
• To identify and sketch their locations in the local government areas where the can be found.
• To describe their activities and establish their movement pattern in space and time to enable appropriate enumeration procedures for adequate coverage of these groups during the census.